A by-product of the juice industry, Citrus Sinensis is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates. The oil is obtained from the rind of orange through a process called Expression (cold pressing). ** Be aware of its mild phototoxicity so do not use it on the skin before going into the sun.
General: Its pleasant, uplifting aroma makes it an appealing component for perfumes and household cleaners. It is also used as a flavouring agent in food and beverages. A great oil for children, sweet orange can be diffused in the home to enhance mood, uplift and help with concentration.
Spa: Soothes the digestive system, is an antiseptic and wonderful anti-depressant reminding the user of childhood memories, of sunshine days, and of good times. A stimulating tonic to the circulatory and lymphatic organs. Sweet Orange Oil is known to soothe everyday stresses and strains, and is used in aromatherapy to support anxiety and depression.
Calendula oil (Calendula officinalis) is extracted by maceration of Marigold flower heads and infusion in another carrier base such as sunflower, sesame or jojoba. Originating in the Mediterranean its bright yellow to orange flowers are seen blooming in gardens and in the wild all over the world. It is one herbal remedy that has come down through the ages as being an oil packed with molecules useful for topical application. In Hindu culture, marigold flowers are used to adorn places of worship and in garlands.
General: The calendula/marigold has many uses in skincare, health and wellbeing and in medical salves. The oil is rich and deep orange in colour with powerful anti-oxidant and antimicrobial properties.
Food and Drinks: In teas for soothing and relieving swelling, Calendula teas are also useful for soothing allergic reactions both topically and internal; the fresh petals can be added to salads giving a fresh peppery taste.
Spa: This is a powerful skin reparative carrier oil that helps to support cell rejuvenation and skin health. It is one herbal remedy that has come down through the ages as being an oil packed with molecules useful for topical application. or in a jar with a carrier oil the flowers steep into the oil forming a wonderful massage oil. It is a rich oil so needs to be diluted with other lighter carriers.
Native to the Mediterranean Basin, Salvia Sclarea is a perennial flowering herb. It flourishes in high-temperature areas, found growing extensively in Europe, Russia, UK and USA. The oil is extracted from the flowering heads and leaves of the plant, giving a refreshing, fruity, herbaceous, floral, warm aroma profile. Clary sage is rich in esters contributing not only to its fruity aroma but to its relaxing, soothing and sedating properties.
It’s refreshing aroma makes it an appealing prospect as a skin balm. It is also used in diffusers during aromatherapy treatment. The oil has numerous therapeutic benefits particularly for women’s health. It also helps with kidney and digestive disorders.
Perfumery: Clary Sage is used in cosmetic fragrances, and as a flavouring agent in food and beverages.
Spa: Immensely euphoric yet wonderfully relaxing, clary sage is a great antidepressant, balancing and toning, soothing the mind and easing stresses and tension.
Midwifery: Clary sage must not be used during pregnancy as it stimulates the uterus, however it is a brilliant oil to be used during childbirth for that reason.
Organic Sunflower Oil is highly stable and odourless. This makes it a perfect blend for other oils. Obtained by cold pressing, the oil today is equally popular in food and cosmetics industry. With essential fatty acids and Vitamins like A, D and E forming its core, Organic Sunflower Oil is nourishing for the body.
A versatile and multipurpose oil, it is distilled from the flower tops and stalks of Lavandula Angustifolia. Lavender Oil is one of the oldest essential oils used in fragrances. There are many species used but the most popular are true lavender, spike lavender, lavandin and L. stoechas. Grown predominantly in France and Bulgaria although grown in the UK, Hungary, Northern Africa, Australia, India and Russia. A sweet, fresh, herbaceous, floral aroma which has gentle undertones of wood. The principal constituents that contribute to its properties are its Linalyl acetate and Linalool components. The name Lavender comes from the Latin “Lavare” which means to wash. Encountered by Maurice Gattefosse in his laboratory when he burnt his hand and immediately dowsed his hand in a vat of lavender oil. His hand recuperated at a much faster rate than normal. General: A firm family favourite that can be used diluted by all the family. Antiseptic, antibacterial and antimicrobial, this highly versatile oil is a great oil to diffuse in a bedroom at night for deep restful nights. A complimentary oil for bath and shower products, soaps, room fresheners, household cleaning goods and furniture polishes. Spa: Powerfully antiseptic makes it the go-to oil for any skin distress, helping the skin to recuperate quickly. Great for supporting healthy skin, harmonising and balancing for nervousness and anxiety, beneficial for respiratory health as well as a great natural remedy for soothing the “Itch” from insect bites and stings. Add to massage blends, facial serums and footbaths. Perfumery:...
Castor oil (Ricinis Communis) also known as Palma Christi or Hand of Christ. A historical marvel, Castor Oil originated out of Africa with records of its use dating back thousands of years to ancient Egypt. It has been a popular product among the cosmetic industry for ages. It is cold pressed, viscous with a slight odour and serves beautifully as a lubricator, and although thick is readily absorbed by the skin’s outer layers. It contains around 90% ricinoleic acid which unusually for a fatty acid mixes well with water.
Spa: Castor makes an ideal base for essential oils. It can be used as a deep cleansing oil to remove deep dirt and cell debris.
Product manufacturers: Its nature makes it a common ingredient in soaps making transparent soap bars, bath bomb and hair care products particularly shampoos.
Cold pressed Camellia Oil (Camellia sinensis) also known as Tea Seed Oil is highly recommended for skin and hair care products. Known as Camellia sinensis, the plant grows in Southeast Asia, India, Sri Lanka, China and Japan. It is extracted from the seeds by cold pressing, it is rich in Vitamin A,B E, Fatty acids, polyphenols, and oleic acid (80%).
Product manufacturers: It has great penetration qualities with squalene nourishing and supporting the skin, reaching the roots of hair to provide nutrients improving hair strength and growth. For hair oils it can be used to take nutrients deeper down the hair shaft to maximise therapeutic effects for the hair root. For face creams use Camellia to take actives deeper into the layers of the skin where most needed.
Spa: Camellia Oil is a popular component in face creams and hair care products and is an excellent hand and nail emollient. A light oil Camellia makes an excellent facial oil for massage or as a face serum mixed with other carrier and essential oils. It is astringent and does not clog pores.
Pets: Make a fine spray to use after your pets bath, spray lightly over skin and fur and massage in, then brush well. Their coats will be shiny and healthy and any irritated skin conditions will improve.
Organic farming techniques are adopted to aid the growth of tall and evergreen Eucalyptus trees. The oil is then extracted through steam distillation from the leaves and twigs. This sweet aromatic oil comes with a woody undertone. It is widely used as a component in skin products. It is also used in insect repellents.
Latin Name: Cymbopogon Citratus A grass that is heavily scented with lemon aroma also known as West Indian or Guatemalan lemongrass. The plant is widely cultivated but the citratus variety tends to come from Guatamala, Madagascar, Brazil, Malaysia and Vietnam and is thought to be native to Sri Lanka. Lemongrass oil is steam distilled from the fresh or slightly dried long thin leaves. The oil has a strong, green, grassy, citrus odour with an earthy undertone. Lemongrass gives an exotic tropical aroma note to massage blends, fragrances and in culinary dishes. General: Used in traditional Asian medicine for fighting infections and fevers. Research has found a calming, sedating effect on the Nervous system making this a good oil for stressful conditions and for general relaxation. Antiseptic, mood improving, refreshing, revitalising, relaxing, antimicrobial and a good anti-oxidant. A general toning oil to body and mind. In TCM, the oil is used to soothe digestive disorders, while in India the leaves were macerated into water to create an invigorating hair rinse and a toilet water(EDT) splash. Like it citrus counterpart lemon, it makes a medicinal diffusing blend with eucalyptus, peppermint, niaouli and rosemary. Food & Drinks: Widely used in soft drinks, cocktails (use of the stem of the lemongrass as a stirrer), alcoholic drinks and in Asian foods particularly Thai, Chinese and Vietnamese cuisine. Perfumery: Lemongrass adds a fresh, green tropical note to fragrances and is often used in this industry. Lemongrass oil is often used to isolate Citral and can be...
Mentha Piperita is a perennial herb grown widely worldwide now which reveals a high menthol content which is what peppermint is recognised for. Peppermint Oil is extracted through distillation from the dried leaves of this aromatic herb. It has a very refreshing minty aroma with a sweetness and coolness. Used extensively in many industries and is an oil recognised for its folk and traditional medicine.
General: The appealing peppermint flavour makes it a common ingredient in teas, candies, chocolates and chewing gums. It is also popular in oral care, soaps, bath products and insect repellents.
In the medical field: it is used in preparations to soothe and calm digestive discomfort, for travel sickness and general nausea, in chest preparations and decongestants. It is highly anti-microbial, cools and soothes nerve endings useful in the treatment of everyday aches and pains.
Spa: Peppermint can be used for many different treatment protocols, digestion, respiratory disorders and in muscle massage oils post exercise to cool down overworked muscles and joints. A brilliant oil for footbaths for its refreshing and deodorising properties.
The aromatic perennial shrub Pogostemon Cablin is native to tropical regions of Asia, the Caribbean, and West Africa. The leaves and stems of the plant are dried and then steam distilled to reveal a dark browny orange, viscous oil with a sweet, earthy, spicy sometimes woody aromatic note. The oil used by Hippies in the colourful 1960’s!
Patchouli is regenerative, soothing, antimicrobial, anti-depressant, antiseptic and deodorising.
General: A regenerating, nourishing, soothing skin oil with a distinctive aroma reminiscent of years gone by. Highly antiseptic and astringent it is known for its properties in skincare, while its deodorising effects make it a useful additional to soaps, body perfumes and deodorants. In past times, Patchouli was regularly used to fragrance clothes and linens, as incense in temples and as an insect repellent (moths). In China, it is believed that they fragranced their inks with patchouli.
Spa: Traditionally used in most ancient herbal medicinal practices, Patchouli was used for its regenerating and nourishing properties for the skin. A great addition to anti-ageing treatments and products, patchouli is also used in aromatherapy to “Ground” clients in stressful or anxious cases by calming and soothing the energy of the body, connecting it with the earth. Skincare specialists would also include patchouli in skin preparations for soothing irritated skin conditions, good for oily, congested skin on the face and scalp.
Perfumery: Used extensively in the perfumery industry, in soaps, candles and diffusing blends. Used in shampoos for hair and scalp health.
Non greasy, lubricator with great skin absorption qualities, Organic Jojoba Oil is extremely popular in the cosmetic industry. It can be applied directly on the skin. It also forms the core of numerous hair and skincare products. It can even smoothly blend other essential and carrier oils. The process of cold pressing is utilised to extract this organic oil.
Citrus Aurantifolia is primarily cultivated in warm climates all over the world. The fruity Lime Oil is extracted from the plant through steam distillation of the peel. Again as with most citrus oils it has a high terpene content so it shares common properties. It is however the joyous aroma profile of this oil that makes it a popular ingredient of bath and shower products, shampoos, flavouring for both food and beverages, and is used in perfume formulas for both men and women. This is a popular flavour profile in the confectionery industry. Limes were brought into Europe by the invasion of Moors from where it spread to the Americas through settlements and explorers. Generally properties are mood enhancing, antiseptic, antibacterial, astringent, soothing to the digestive system and a stimulant to the lymphatic and peripheral circulatory network. Works as a tonic to physical and psychological body. Steam distilled lime is known to be non-phototoxic so safe for use on the skin at all times. General: Similar to the effects of orange on the psyche, Lime oil has a more refreshing and revitalising fruity note, is more stringent in effect and its composition can vary seasonally. As with other citrus fruits such as lemons and grapefruits, its Vitamin C content was used by ancient mariners to prevent and soothe Scurvy. Spa: Lime oil is a wonderful oil for facial treatments particularly for combination, oily and problem skin types, as it reduces the production of sebum. It is an uplifting oil for...
Eucalyptus Globulus Oil comes with great healing power. It is extracted from fresh or partly dried leaves and is steam distilled to yield a fresh camphoraceous cephalic oil. Eucalyptus globulus is one of 600 species within the Eucalyptus family. The globulus variety is the most common and most recognised Eucalyptus oil. High in 1,8-cineole which is an activity found within the oil with anti-microbial, antiseptic, expectorant and highly anti-bacterial properties. Refreshing, cleansing, energising Eucalyptus has multiple uses not least using its camphoraceous aroma profile.
General: Used in food flavourings, drinks, soaps, gargles and throat lozenges. It is also used in industrial detergents and disinfectants. Not often used in perfumery.
Medical: Eucalyptus is used extensively in medicines for inhalation, throat lozenges. It is commonly used across households for cold and flu relief in vaporisers or just as drops on tissues.
Spa: Eucalyptus has many therapeutic properties which makes it a popular oil to use in aromatherapy treatments. Use in a footbath with peppermint, mix into a massage blend for sports activities and post exercise, use in diffusers to sterilise a treatment room, refresh and revive changing room.
Latin Name: Cymbopogon winterianus
Intensely refreshing, lemon scented grasses which grow in tropical climates with a root system that can withstand droughts and allow growth in a variety of soil conditions. The long, narrow leaves of the grass are steam distilled to give a sweet, powerfully lemony aroma. The Java citronella has a stronger lemon note than the Sri Lankan citronella and as both grow prolifically this oil is relatively cheap to produce.
Perfumery: Traditionally used for its fragrance in perfumes and colognes, it is also used for fragrancing many household products. Often used to adulterate Rose and Geranium oils due to its geraniol content.
Cosmetics & toiletries: used in soaps and lemon fragranced products for its cheapness and is also used for its anti-insecticide properties in sprays, candles and other deterrent products. Citronella is antiseptic but can overwhelm a product with its fragrance, so use this oil sparingly. Not often used in aromatherapy, but when used its uplifting refreshing aroma revives nervous exhaustion.
Methyl Eugenol content will dictate the use of this oil on the skin.
Latin Name: Lavandula hybrida var grosso
Native to the mountains of Southern France and is now cultivated in Spain, Yugoslavia, Hungary and South America. It is a cross between True Lavender and Spike Lavender with larger vigorous plants with bigger flowering tops that have a higher yield of oil. It is extracted from the steam distillation of the flowering tops, yielding a pale yellow oil with a rich camphoraceous top note and woody, herbaceous base. It has a less floral note than Lavandin Super.
General: Lavandin gives a higher yield than true Lavender. Mainly used in the cosmetics and perfumery industries.
Spa: Used in the same manner to true Lavender but due to its deeper penetration and warming, stimulating properties it is an ideal oil to support the respiratory, circulatory or muscular systems.
Perfumery: Used extensively in Perfumes, eau de toilettes and eau de colognes. Used in soaps, candles, as dried flowers and in household cleaning goods, detergents and room sprays.
Latin Name: Pelargonium Graveolens It is believed that Geraniums originated in South Africa, but were then taken and introduced to European countries where the plants are cultivated extensively. Geraniums appear as the signature plant with flowers in many Mediterranean destinations. Cultivation and hybridisation of the original plants occurred, and geraniums are now cultivated for the oils in many countries of the World namely Reunion (known for the Bourbon Geranium), China which is similar to the Bourbon, Egypt and Morocco which yields a very different oil. Geranium oil is steam distilled from the leaves and stems of Pelargonium graveolens plant. The oil has a yellow, slightly green oil but has a beautiful sweet rosy, herbaceous aroma profile used often to extend the rose note in blends and perfumes. Softer and rounder inn profile than the Bourbon Geranium which has a more pronounced leafy rosy scent. The Bourbon variety is still considered to be the best in its species, however it depends on what it is used for. General: Geraniums are referred to in many ancient scripts, Discorides mentioned it in Materia Medica, the Romans used them, and it appears in Culpeper’s Herbal remedy book. In olden times it was used medicinally to soothe the smooth muscle of the digestive system, now it is known for different therapeutic effects across a number of industries. Spa: Geranium oil is to balance oiliness in oily combination and problem skin types, it has diuretic properties which makes it a valuable decongesting addition to slimming body...
Latin Name: Coriandrum sativum
The green herb is also known as Cilantro. Coriander seeds are steam distilled from the crushed seeds and the yield is quite low. The oil is sweet, woody with a musty note. Some coriander can have a marked lemon note.
Pharmaceutical/Medicinal: A key ingredient in baby’s gripe water, used to soothe colic and discomfort in young babies. Used in many digestive soothing remedies for this reason. Anti-oxidant, carminative, bactericidal, refreshing and revitalising, this oil is used in a number of pharmaceutical preparations as a flavouring.
Food & Drinks: Used to flavour meat products and is used in the drinks industry to flavour liqueurs such as Chartreuse and Benedictine and is now used extensively in the creation of artisan gins.
Cosmetic & Toiletries: Often used to fragrance soaps, an ingredient of some colognes and male perfumes.
Spa/Skincare: In blends to reduce accumulated fluids around joints, to support muscular aches and pains post exercise. Stimulating to the peripheral circulation, coriander supports a healthy digestive system, stimulates the immune system and comforts the psyche during periods of stress and anxiety induced exhaustion.