Non greasy, lubricator with great skin absorption qualities, Organic Jojoba Oil is extremely popular in the cosmetic industry. It can be applied directly on the skin. It also forms the core of numerous hair and skincare products. It can even smoothly blend other essential and carrier oils. The process of cold pressing is utilised to extract this organic oil.
A by-product of the juice industry, Citrus Sinensis is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates. The oil is obtained from the rind of orange through a process called Expression (cold pressing). ** Be aware of its mild phototoxicity so do not use it on the skin before going into the sun.
General: Its pleasant, uplifting aroma makes it an appealing component for perfumes and household cleaners. It is also used as a flavouring agent in food and beverages. A great oil for children, sweet orange can be diffused in the home to enhance mood, uplift and help with concentration.
Spa: Soothes the digestive system, is an antiseptic and wonderful anti-depressant reminding the user of childhood memories, of sunshine days, and of good times. A stimulating tonic to the circulatory and lymphatic organs. Sweet Orange Oil is known to soothe everyday stresses and strains, and is used in aromatherapy to support anxiety and depression.
A versatile and multipurpose oil, it is distilled from the flower tops and stalks of Lavandula Angustifolia. Lavender Oil is one of the oldest essential oils used in fragrances. There are many species used but the most popular are true lavender, spike lavender, lavandin and L. stoechas. Grown predominantly in France and Bulgaria although grown in the UK, Hungary, Northern Africa, Australia, India and Russia. A sweet, fresh, herbaceous, floral aroma which has gentle undertones of wood. The principal constituents that contribute to its properties are its Linalyl acetate and Linalool components. The name Lavender comes from the Latin “Lavare” which means to wash. Encountered by Maurice Gattefosse in his laboratory when he burnt his hand and immediately dowsed his hand in a vat of lavender oil. His hand recuperated at a much faster rate than normal. General: A firm family favourite that can be used diluted by all the family. Antiseptic, antibacterial and antimicrobial, this highly versatile oil is a great oil to diffuse in a bedroom at night for deep restful nights. A complimentary oil for bath and shower products, soaps, room fresheners, household cleaning goods and furniture polishes. Spa: Powerfully antiseptic makes it the go-to oil for any skin distress, helping the skin to recuperate quickly. Great for supporting healthy skin, harmonising and balancing for nervousness and anxiety, beneficial for respiratory health as well as a great natural remedy for soothing the “Itch” from insect bites and stings. Add to massage blends, facial serums and footbaths. Perfumery:...
Calendula oil (Calendula officinalis) is extracted by maceration of Marigold flower heads and infusion in another carrier base such as sunflower, sesame or jojoba. Originating in the Mediterranean its bright yellow to orange flowers are seen blooming in gardens and in the wild all over the world. It is one herbal remedy that has come down through the ages as being an oil packed with molecules useful for topical application. In Hindu culture, marigold flowers are used to adorn places of worship and in garlands.
General: The calendula/marigold has many uses in skincare, health and wellbeing and in medical salves. The oil is rich and deep orange in colour with powerful anti-oxidant and antimicrobial properties.
Food and Drinks: In teas for soothing and relieving swelling, Calendula teas are also useful for soothing allergic reactions both topically and internal; the fresh petals can be added to salads giving a fresh peppery taste.
Spa: This is a powerful skin reparative carrier oil that helps to support cell rejuvenation and skin health. It is one herbal remedy that has come down through the ages as being an oil packed with molecules useful for topical application. or in a jar with a carrier oil the flowers steep into the oil forming a wonderful massage oil. It is a rich oil so needs to be diluted with other lighter carriers.
Latin Name: Cymbopogon Citratus A grass that is heavily scented with lemon aroma also known as West Indian or Guatemalan lemongrass. The plant is widely cultivated but the citratus variety tends to come from Guatamala, Madagascar, Brazil, Malaysia and Vietnam and is thought to be native to Sri Lanka. Lemongrass oil is steam distilled from the fresh or slightly dried long thin leaves. The oil has a strong, green, grassy, citrus odour with an earthy undertone. Lemongrass gives an exotic tropical aroma note to massage blends, fragrances and in culinary dishes. General: Used in traditional Asian medicine for fighting infections and fevers. Research has found a calming, sedating effect on the Nervous system making this a good oil for stressful conditions and for general relaxation. Antiseptic, mood improving, refreshing, revitalising, relaxing, antimicrobial and a good anti-oxidant. A general toning oil to body and mind. In TCM, the oil is used to soothe digestive disorders, while in India the leaves were macerated into water to create an invigorating hair rinse and a toilet water(EDT) splash. Like it citrus counterpart lemon, it makes a medicinal diffusing blend with eucalyptus, peppermint, niaouli and rosemary. Food & Drinks: Widely used in soft drinks, cocktails (use of the stem of the lemongrass as a stirrer), alcoholic drinks and in Asian foods particularly Thai, Chinese and Vietnamese cuisine. Perfumery: Lemongrass adds a fresh, green tropical note to fragrances and is often used in this industry. Lemongrass oil is often used to isolate Citral and can be...
Sweet almond oil is extracted by cold pressing the kernels of the almond nut. It is a pale yellow, slightly viscous and a little goes a long way. Sweet Almond oil (Prunus amygdalis var dulcis) contains many vitamins such as A, B1, B2, B6 and Vitamin E. It is an excellent emollient for the skin, soothing dry, irritated areas and relieves dry, itchy skin.
General: Rich in oleic acid, linoleic acid, squalene, glycosides and beta sitosterol which contribute to the soothing nourishing property of Almond oil.
Spa: Use on normal to dry or mature skin types for excellent night time nourishing and rejuvenation. Slower absorption rate than other carriers through the skin and makes a perfect massage base. A good carrier for baby’s skin, for scalp massage and on baby’s bottom before putting nappies on. This oil acts as a good barrier oil for skin on the hands and body. Also found to reduce scar tissue formation, so almond oil is an essential carrier to formulate a night repair face and body serum.
Product manufacturers: great for soap making as it creates a great lather. Creams and lotions use almond as a nourishing ingredient for the base and as an oil is great for balms and salves for dry or irritated skin types. A good addition to hair conditioners and body lotions.
Culinary: Sweet almond oil is used in cooking and baking.
Mentha Piperita is a perennial herb grown widely worldwide now which reveals a high menthol content which is what peppermint is recognised for. Peppermint Oil is extracted through distillation from the dried leaves of this aromatic herb. It has a very refreshing minty aroma with a sweetness and coolness. Used extensively in many industries and is an oil recognised for its folk and traditional medicine.
General: The appealing peppermint flavour makes it a common ingredient in teas, candies, chocolates and chewing gums. It is also popular in oral care, soaps, bath products and insect repellents.
In the medical field: it is used in preparations to soothe and calm digestive discomfort, for travel sickness and general nausea, in chest preparations and decongestants. It is highly anti-microbial, cools and soothes nerve endings useful in the treatment of everyday aches and pains.
Spa: Peppermint can be used for many different treatment protocols, digestion, respiratory disorders and in muscle massage oils post exercise to cool down overworked muscles and joints. A brilliant oil for footbaths for its refreshing and deodorising properties.
The aromatic perennial shrub Pogostemon Cablin is native to tropical regions of Asia, the Caribbean, and West Africa. The leaves and stems of the plant are dried and then steam distilled to reveal a dark browny orange, viscous oil with a sweet, earthy, spicy sometimes woody aromatic note. The oil used by Hippies in the colourful 1960’s!
Patchouli is regenerative, soothing, antimicrobial, anti-depressant, antiseptic and deodorising.
General: A regenerating, nourishing, soothing skin oil with a distinctive aroma reminiscent of years gone by. Highly antiseptic and astringent it is known for its properties in skincare, while its deodorising effects make it a useful additional to soaps, body perfumes and deodorants. In past times, Patchouli was regularly used to fragrance clothes and linens, as incense in temples and as an insect repellent (moths). In China, it is believed that they fragranced their inks with patchouli.
Spa: Traditionally used in most ancient herbal medicinal practices, Patchouli was used for its regenerating and nourishing properties for the skin. A great addition to anti-ageing treatments and products, patchouli is also used in aromatherapy to “Ground” clients in stressful or anxious cases by calming and soothing the energy of the body, connecting it with the earth. Skincare specialists would also include patchouli in skin preparations for soothing irritated skin conditions, good for oily, congested skin on the face and scalp.
Perfumery: Used extensively in the perfumery industry, in soaps, candles and diffusing blends. Used in shampoos for hair and scalp health.
A popular Asian and Mediterranean herb, Rosemary Oil is extracted from Rosmarinus Officinalis. The oil is extracted from the leaves, flowers and twigs through steam distillation. Rosemary has a strong, refreshing, cleansing herbaceous aroma profile with a hint of wood in its base note. 1,8-cineole levels are important in rosemary. The name comes from the Latin Ros meaning dew, marinus meaning sea, referring to its habit of growing wild close to the sea. A relatively easy plant to grow in many countries, known to be used for medicinal qualities and in some cultures old and new as a symbol of negativity and death, sprigs of the herb being enclosed in coffins to ward off evil and assist in the safe passage to the other world. General: Rosemary Oil is popular in culinary circles, and also has immense health benefits. Its stimulating effects contribute to strong healthy hair growth, increasing blood flow to hair roots and scalp making rosemary a popular ingredient for shampoos and hair tonics. Cleansing to the respiratory organs, it breaks down mucus conditions in the nose, throat and chest so is often used in cough sweets or decongestant inhalers within the pharmaceutical arenas. Spa: Refreshing, uplifting stimulating and clearing to the brain making Rosemary a great oil for focus and study. This property helps with warming up muscles for exercise and as well as draining post exercise lactic acid; making it an ideal addition to massage blends for warming up muscles prior to exercise or as a...
Latin Name: Pelargonium Graveolens It is believed that Geraniums originated in South Africa, but were then taken and introduced to European countries where the plants are cultivated extensively. Geraniums appear as the signature plant with flowers in many Mediterranean destinations. Cultivation and hybridisation of the original plants occurred, and geraniums are now cultivated for the oils in many countries of the World namely Reunion (known for the Bourbon Geranium), China which is similar to the Bourbon, Egypt and Morocco which yields a very different oil. Geranium oil is steam distilled from the leaves and stems of Pelargonium graveolens plant. The oil has a yellow, slightly green oil but has a beautiful sweet rosy, herbaceous aroma profile used often to extend the rose note in blends and perfumes. Softer and rounder inn profile than the Bourbon Geranium which has a more pronounced leafy rosy scent. The Bourbon variety is still considered to be the best in its species, however it depends on what it is used for. General: Geraniums are referred to in many ancient scripts, Discorides mentioned it in Materia Medica, the Romans used them, and it appears in Culpeper’s Herbal remedy book. In olden times it was used medicinally to soothe the smooth muscle of the digestive system, now it is known for different therapeutic effects across a number of industries. Spa: Geranium oil is to balance oiliness in oily combination and problem skin types, it has diuretic properties which makes it a valuable decongesting addition to slimming body...
Eucalyptus Globulus Oil comes with great healing power. It is extracted from fresh or partly dried leaves and is steam distilled to yield a fresh camphoraceous cephalic oil. Eucalyptus globulus is one of 600 species within the Eucalyptus family. The globulus variety is the most common and most recognised Eucalyptus oil. High in 1,8-cineole which is an activity found within the oil with anti-microbial, antiseptic, expectorant and highly anti-bacterial properties. Refreshing, cleansing, energising Eucalyptus has multiple uses not least using its camphoraceous aroma profile.
General: Used in food flavourings, drinks, soaps, gargles and throat lozenges. It is also used in industrial detergents and disinfectants. Not often used in perfumery.
Medical: Eucalyptus is used extensively in medicines for inhalation, throat lozenges. It is commonly used across households for cold and flu relief in vaporisers or just as drops on tissues.
Spa: Eucalyptus has many therapeutic properties which makes it a popular oil to use in aromatherapy treatments. Use in a footbath with peppermint, mix into a massage blend for sports activities and post exercise, use in diffusers to sterilise a treatment room, refresh and revive changing room.
Native to the Mediterranean Basin, Salvia Sclarea is a perennial flowering herb. It flourishes in high-temperature areas, found growing extensively in Europe, Russia, UK and USA. The oil is extracted from the flowering heads and leaves of the plant, giving a refreshing, fruity, herbaceous, floral, warm aroma profile. Clary sage is rich in esters contributing not only to its fruity aroma but to its relaxing, soothing and sedating properties.
It’s refreshing aroma makes it an appealing prospect as a skin balm. It is also used in diffusers during aromatherapy treatment. The oil has numerous therapeutic benefits particularly for women’s health. It also helps with kidney and digestive disorders.
Perfumery: Clary Sage is used in cosmetic fragrances, and as a flavouring agent in food and beverages.
Spa: Immensely euphoric yet wonderfully relaxing, clary sage is a great antidepressant, balancing and toning, soothing the mind and easing stresses and tension.
Midwifery: Clary sage must not be used during pregnancy as it stimulates the uterus, however it is a brilliant oil to be used during childbirth for that reason.
Castor oil (Ricinis Communis) also known as Palma Christi or Hand of Christ. A historical marvel, Castor Oil originated out of Africa with records of its use dating back thousands of years to ancient Egypt. It has been a popular product among the cosmetic industry for ages. It is cold pressed, viscous with a slight odour and serves beautifully as a lubricator, and although thick is readily absorbed by the skin’s outer layers. It contains around 90% ricinoleic acid which unusually for a fatty acid mixes well with water.
Spa: Castor makes an ideal base for essential oils. It can be used as a deep cleansing oil to remove deep dirt and cell debris.
Product manufacturers: Its nature makes it a common ingredient in soaps making transparent soap bars, bath bomb and hair care products particularly shampoos.
With a history spanning over a century, Tea Tree Oil has seen an immense increase in popularity. Melaleuca Alternifolia is obtained through steam distillation from foliage and terminal branchlets. Tea Tree is an Australian oil. The entire process from sowing to harvest takes around 12-15 months. Tea tree is highly recommended for its powerful antiseptic, antibacterial properties and is a high terpene content oil making it a useful oil for inhibiting a wide range of micro-organisms.
General: Tea tree oil is often added to soaps, mouth and throat gargles, toothpastes and mouthwashes, deodorants, and in general household cleaning goods with disinfectant properties.
Spa: Blend a couple of drops of Tea Tree with 1 teaspoon of a carrier/vegetable oil such as Sweet Almond, Sunflower, Coconut or Jojoba to make a highly therapeutic blend which is antibacterial, purifying and supports a healthy respiratory, integumentary and immune system.
For podiatrists, chiropodists and hand and feet specialists: Tea tree remains the main player essential oil that can be added to footbaths, creams and lotions for massage, and as a concentrate 2.5% for nail health.
For pets: A couple of drops of tea tree oil can be added to shampoos for insect repellent properties and is known to be a good oil for maintaining skin health. Be aware that cats are highly sensitive to essential oils. Never use oils undiluted and proceed with caution.
Do not use 100% essential oils on any pets.
Organic Sunflower Oil is highly stable and odourless. This makes it a perfect blend for other oils. Obtained by cold pressing, the oil today is equally popular in food and cosmetics industry. With essential fatty acids and Vitamins like A, D and E forming its core, Organic Sunflower Oil is nourishing for the body.
Organic farming techniques are adopted to aid the growth of tall and evergreen Eucalyptus trees. The oil is then extracted through steam distillation from the leaves and twigs. This sweet aromatic oil comes with a woody undertone. It is widely used as a component in skin products. It is also used in insect repellents.
Pink/red grapefruit oil is very similar in properties to the white grapefruit oil although pink is more commonly found due to its demand as fruit in the juice industry. The pink grapefruit oil has a sweeter top note than its white counterpart, but grapefruit oils generally recognised for their uplifting, mood improving, stress reducing properties across a wide sector of industries. Like most cold expressed citrus oils, Grapefruit oil has phototoxic effects on the skin in the presence of strong sunlight. General: Extracted from the peel by cold expression, this is a pale yellow oil. In the 18th century, Grapefruit was named the “Forbidden Fruit” and in Barbados it is still considered of one their “Seven Wonders”. In the 19th century it was renamed Grapefruit due to its clusters of fruit on branches which looked similar to clusters of grapes. Spa/Skincare: pink grapefruit is like the white variety, a popular choice as a detoxification oil. It is great in muscular blends to soothe muscle fatigue and stiffness post exercise. As with the white oil, in facial treatments this oil helps with congested, oily and problem skin types, supports rosemary in stimulating healthy hair growth and is a general skin tonic. Food & Drinks: More popular than the white fruit for its juice and flavouring in foods, soft drinks and spirit cordials. Mental Health: Grapefruit as with most citrus oils has very uplifting, mood improving revitalising refreshing aroma properties and is a great oil in combination with bergamot and comforting oils...
Latin Name: Eugenia Caryophyllus
Clove bud oil is a yellow oil extracted by distillation from the flower buds and has a strong, sweet characteristic clove spicy note. Clove bud oil has a range of Eugenol content between 91-95% which is extremely high so caution is advised when using it in skincare. Cloves were imported to Europe via the spice route in early civilisations eventually arriving in Zanzibar where the largest clove exports are now from. Classically used in ancient medicines to ward off disease like the orange with clove buds in it during the plagues of the Middle Ages. Renowned for its use to soothe toothache, clove has powerful numbing properties.
General: Antiseptic, antimicrobial, deodorising and renowned for its localised numbing effect used in dentistry for toothache, these properties make this oil a must have in the pharmaceutical world.
Spa: Due to its irritancy on the skin, it is not usually found in aromatherapy. However, it is used for Festive diffuser blends and are a warming signature fragrance for some Spas.
Pharmaceutical: Found in many dental preparations and in muscular liniments for its powerful effect on soothing everyday muscular aches and pains or post injury to numb the area allowing time to rest and recuperate
Dentistry: For localised numbing to soothe pain due to toothache. Mouth washes and gargles for maintaining oral health. Due to its strong antimicrobial powers, it is often used to line a cavity before filling.
Do not use near children and during pregnancy.